The Delhi Shops and Establishments Act, 1954
An Act to amend and consolidate the law relating to the regulation of hours of work, payment of wages, leave, holidays, terms of service and other conditions of work of persons employed in shops, commercial establishments, establishments for public entertainment or amusement and other establishments and to provide for certain matters connected therewith.
It is hereby enacted as follows:-
1. Short title, extent, commencement and application.-
(1) This Act may be called the Delhi Shops and Establishments Act, 1954.
(2) It extends to the whole of Union Territory of Delhi.
(3) It. shall come into force on such date as Government may, by notification in the
Official Gazette, appoint in this behalf.1
(4) It shall apply in the first instance only to the municipal areas, Notified Areas and Cantonment limits of Delhi, New Delhi, Shahdara, Civil lines, Mehrauli, Red Fort and Delhi Cantonment but Government may, 2(by notification in the Official Gazette),direct that it shall come into force in any other local area or areas or shall apply to such shops or establishment or class of shops and establishments in such other areas as may be specified in the notification.
2. Definitions. – In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:-
(1) "adult" means a person who has completed his eighteenth year of age;
3[(1A) "apprentice" means a person, who is employed, whether on payment of wages or not, for the purpose of being trained in any trade, craft or employment in any establishment;]
(2) "child" means a person who has not completed his twelfth year of age;
(3) "close day" means the day of the week on which a shop or commercial establishment remains closed;
(4) "closing hour" means the hour at which a shop or commercial establishment closes;
(5) "commercial establishment" means any premises wherein any trade, business or
profession or any work in connection with, or incidental or ancillary thereto, is carried on and includes a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (XXI of 1860) and charitable or other trust, whether registered or not, which carries on any business, trade or profession or work in connection with or incidental or ancillary thereto, journalistic and painting establishments, contractors and auditors establishments, quarries and mines not governed by the Mines Act, 1952 (XXXV of 1952), educational or other institution run for private gain and premises in which business of banking, insurance, stocks and shares, brokerage or produce exchange is carried on, but does not include a shop or a factory registered under the Factories Act, 1948 (LXIII of 1948), or theatres, cinemas, restaurants, eating houses, residential hotels, clubs or other places of public amusement or entertainment;
1. The Act came into force w.e.f 1.2.55 vide Notification No. F. 23(5)/51 L. dated 17.1.55.
2. Subs. by Act 6 of 1955.
3. Ins. by Act 33 of 1970.
(6) "day" means a period of twenty-four hours beginning at mid-night;
Provided that in the case of an employee whose hours of work extend beyond midnight, day means the period of twenty-four hours beginning when such employment commences irrespective of midnight:
1[(7) "employee" means a person wholly or principally employed, whether directly or otherwise, and whether for wages, (payable on permanent, periodical, contract, piece-rate or commission basis) or other consideration, about the business of an establishment and includes an apprentice and any person employed in a factory but not governed by the Factories Act, 1948 (LXHI of 1948), and for the purpose of any matter regulated by this Act, also includes a person discharged or dismissed whose claims have not been settled in accordance with this Act;]
(8) "employer” means the owner of any establishment about the business of which persons are employed, and where the business of such establishment is not directly managed by the owner, means the manager, agent, or representative of such owner in the said business;
(9) "establishment" means a shop, a commercial establishment, residential hotel, restaurant, eating house, theatre or other places of public amusement or entertainment to which this Act applies and includes such other establishments as Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare to be an establishment for the purposes of this Act;
(10) "factory" means a factory as declared or registered under the Factories Act, 1948 (LXIII of 1948);
(11) "family" means the husband, wife, son, daughter, father, mother, brother, sister or grand-son of an employer, living with and wholly dependent on such employer;
(12) "Government" means the Chief Commissioner, Delhi;2
(13) "holiday" means a day on which an establishment shall remain closed, or on which an employee shall be given a holiday under the provisions of the Act;
(14) "hours of work" or "working hours" mean the time during which the persons employed are at the disposal of the employer exclusive of any interval allowed for rest and meals and "hours worked" has a corresponding meaning;
(15) "Inspector" means an Inspector appointed under section 36 of the Act;
(16) "leave" means leave as provided for under this Act;
(17) "occupier" means a person owning or having charge or control of the etablishment and includes the manager, agent of representative of such occupier;
(18) "opening hour" means the hour at which 3[a shop or commercial establishment] opens for the service of a customer;
(19) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(20) "Register of Establishments" means a register maintained for the registration of
establishment under this Act;
(21) "Registration Certificate" means a certificate showing the registration of an establishment;
(22) "religious festival" means any festival which the Government may by notification in the Official Gazette declare to be a religious festival for the purposes of this Act;
1. Subs. by Act 33 of 1970.
2. Now, Lt. Govemor of Delhi (Author’s Comments).
3. Subs. by Central Act 21 of 1961.
(23) "residential hotel" means any premises in which business is carried on for the supply of dwelling accommodation and meals on payment of a sum of money by a traveller or any member of the public or a class of the public and includes a club;
(24) "restaurant" or "eating-house" means any premises in which is carried on wholly or principally the business of the supply of meals or refreshment to the public or a class of the public for consumption on the premises;
(25) "retail trade or business" includes the business of a barber or hair-dresser, the sale of refreshment of intoxicating liquors, and retail sales by auction;
(26) "schedule" means a schedule appended to this Act;
(27) "shop" means any premises where goods are sold, either by retail or wholesale or where services are rendered to customers, and includes an office, a store-room, godown, warehouse or workhouse or work place, whether in the same premises or otherwise, used in or in connection with such trade or business but does not include a factory or commercial establishment;
(28) "spread over" means the period between the commencement and the termination of the work of an employee on any day;
(29) "summer" means the period covering the months of April, May, June, July, August and September;
(30) "wages" means wages as defined in section 2 of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 (XI of 1948);
(31) "week" means a period of seven days beginning at midnight on Saturday;
(32) "winter" means the period covering the months of October, November, December, January, February and March;
(33) "year" means the calendar year;
(34) "young person" means a person who is not a child and has not completed his eighteenth year of age.
3. Rights and privileges under other law, etc. not affected.-Nothing in this Act shall affect any rights or privileges which an employee in any establishment is entitled to at the date this Act comes into force, under any other law, contract, custom or usage applicable to such establishment or an award, settlement or agreement binding on the employer and the employee in such establishment, if such rights or privileges are more favourable to him than those to which he would be entitled under this Act.
4. Exemptions.-Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, the provisions of this Act mentioned in the third column of the Schedule shall not apply to the establishment, employees and other persons mentioned against them in the second column of the said Schedule:
Provided that the Government may, by notification published in the Official Gazette, add to, omit or alter any of the entries of the said Schedule, and on the publication of such notifications the entries in either column of the said Schedule shall be deemed to be amended accordingly.
*5. Registration of establishments.-
(1) Within the period specified in sub-section (5), the occupier of every establishment shall send to the Chief Inspector a statement in a prescribed form, together with such fees as may be prescribed, containing--
(a) the name of the employer and the manager, if any;
(b) the postal address of the establishment;
*As per a news item appearing in Hindustan Times New Delhi dt. 4.1.1990, Delhi Administration had decided to do away with the registration of shops/commercial establishments in the Union Territory of Delhi and is approaching the Government of India to amend Section (5), (6) and (7) of the Delhi Shops and Establishments Act, 1954. Till the Act is amended the requirement of registration/renewal/amendment has been kept in abeyance.
(c) the name, if any, of the establishment,
(d) the category of the establishment, i.e., whether it is a shop, commercial establishment, residential hotel, restaurant, eating house, theatre or other place of Public amusement or enterainment;
(e) the number of employees working about the business of the establishment; and
(f) such other particulars as may the fees, the Chief Inspector shall, on being satisfied
(2) on receipt of the statement and the fees, the Chief Inspector shall, on being satisfied about the correctness of the statement, register the establishment in the Register of Establishment in such manner as may be prescribed and shall issue, in a prescribed form, a registration certificate to the occupier.
(3) The registration certificate shall be shall be prominently displayed at the establishment and shall be renewed at such intervals as may be prescribed in this respect.
(4) In the event of any doubt or difference of opinion between an occupier and the Chief Inspector as to the category to which an establishment should belong, the chief Inspector shall refer the matter to the Government which shall after such enquiry, as it may think proper, decide the category of each establishment and the decision thereto, shall be final for the purpose of this Act.
(5) Within ninety days from the date mentioned in column 2 below in respect of the establishment mentioned in column 1, the statement together with fees shall be sent to the Chief Inspector under sub-section (1).
Date from which the period of 90 days is to commence
(i) Establishment existing in municipal areas, notified areas & cantonment limits of Delhi, New Delhi, Shahdara, Civil Lines, Mehrauli, Red Fort and Delhi Cantonment.
The date on which this Act comes into force
(ii) Establishment existing in local areas in which this Act is brought into force by notification under sub-section (4) of section1.
The date on which this Act comes into force in the local areas concerned
(iii) New establishment in areas mentioned in clauses (i) and (ii) of this sub-section.
The date on which the establishment commences its work
6. Change to be communicated to the Chief Inspector.-It shall be the duty of the occupier to notify to the Chief Inspector, on a prescribed form, any change in respect of any information contained in his statement under sub-section (1) of section 5 within 1[thirty days after the change has taken place]. The Chief Inspector shall on the receipt of such notice and the prescribed foe and on being satisfied about its correctness make the change in the register of establishments in accordance with, such notice and shall amend the registration certificate, or issue a fresh registration certificate, if necessary.
1. Subs. by Act 33 of 1970.
7. Closing of establishment to be communicated to the Chief Inspector.-The occupier shall within fifteen days of his closing the establishment, notify to the Chief Inspector in writing accordingly. The Chief Inspector shall, on receiving the information and being satisfied about the nature of closure, remove such establishment from the register of establishments and cancel the registration certificate.
Provided that the Chief Inspector may not, if satisfied that the establishment is likely to re-start within aperiod of six months, remove it from the register of establishments and cancel the registration certificate.
8. Employment of adults, hours of work.-Noadultshallbeemployedorallowed to work about the business of an establishment for more than nine hours on any day or 48 hours in any week and the occupier shall fix the daily periods of work accordingly.
Provided that during any period of stock taking or making of accounts or any other purpose as may be prescribed, any adult employee may be allowed or required to work for more than the hours fixed in this section, but not exceeding 54 hours in any week subject to the conditions that the aggregate hours so worked shall not exceed 150 hours in a year.
Provided further that acivance intimation of at least three days in this respect has been given in the prescribed man:ier to the Chief Inspector and that any person employed on overtime shall be entitled to remuneration for such overtime work at twice the rate of his normal remuneration calculated by the hour.
Explanation.- For the purpose of calculating the normal hourly wage the day shall be reckoned as consisting of eight hours.
9. Restrictionondoubleemployment.-No person shall work about the business of an establishment or two or more establishments or an establishment and a factory in excess of the period during which he may be lawfully employed under this Act.
1[10. Interval for rest and meals.-
(1) The period of work of an adult employee in an establishment each day shall be so fixed that no period of continuous work shall exceed five hours and that no employee shall be required or allowed to work for more than five hours before he has had an interval for rest and meals of at least half an hour.
(2) The time for such interval shall be fixed by the employer and intimated to the Chief Inspector a week before such fixation and shall remain operative for a period of not less than three months.]
11. Spread over.-The periods of work on any day of an adult person shall be so arranged that inclusive of his interval for rest or meals as required under Section 10, they shall not spread over for more than ten and a half hours in any commercial establishment or for more than twelve hours in any shop.
12. Prohibition of employment of children.-No child shall be required or allowed to work whether as an employee or otherwise in any establishment notwithstanding that such child is a member of the family of the employer,
1. Subs. by Act 33 of 1970.
13. Employment of young persons-hours of work.-
(1) No young person shall be required or allowed to work about the business of an establishment for more than six hours a day.
(2) No young person shall be employed continuously for more than three and a half hours without an interval of at least half an hour for rest or meals and the spread over shall not exceed eight hours on any day.
14. Young persons and women to work during day time.-No young person or woman shall be allowed, or required to work, whether as an employee or otherwise in any establishment between 9 P.M. and 7 A.M. during the summer season and between 8 P.M. and 8 A.M. during the winter season.
1[15. Opening and closing hours of shops and commercial establishment.-
(1) No shoporcommercial establishmenton any day,beopenedearlierthan suchhouror closed later than such hour, as may be fixed by the Government by general or special order made in that behalf.
Provided that any customer who was being served or was waiting to be served in any shop or commercial establishment at the closing hour so fixed may be served during the period of fifteen minutes immediately following such hour.
(2) Before making an order under sub-section (l), the Government shall hold an inquiryin such manner as may be prescribed.
(3) The Government may, for the purposes of this section, fix different opening hours
and different closing hours for different classes of shops or commercial establishments or for different areas or for different times of the year].
16. Close day.-
(l) Every shop and commercial establishment shall remain closed on a close day.
(2) In addition to the close day every shop and commercial establishment shall remain closed on three of the National holidays each year as the Government may 2[by notification in the Official Gazette] specify.
(i) The Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify a close day for the purposes of this section and different days may be specified for different classes of shops or commercial establishments or for different areas.
(ii) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the occupier of any shop or a commercial establishment may, open his shop or commercial establishment on a close day, if such a day happens to coincide with a religious festival, “or the Mahurat day”, the day of the commencement of the financial year of the establishment concerned, provided a notice to this effect has been given to the Chief Inspector at least twenty-four hours before the close day and that.in lieu thereof the shop or the commercial establishment is closed on either of the two days immediately preceding or following that close day].
17. Period of rest (weekly holiday).-Every employee shall be allowed at least twenty-four consecutive hours of rest (weekly holiday) in every week, which shall, in the case of shops and commercial establishments required by this Act to observe a close day, be on the close day.
1. Subs. by Central Act 21 of 1961.
2. Subs. by Delhi Act 6 of 1955.
3. Subs. by Act 33 of 1970.
18. Wages for the holiday.-No deduction shall be made from the wages of any employee on account of the close day under section 16 or a holiday granted under section 17 of this Act.
If an employee is employed on a daily wage, he shall nontheless be paid his daily wage for the holiday and where an employee is paid on piece rates, he shall receive the average of the wages received during the week.
19. Time and conditions of payment of wages.-
(1) Every employer or his agent or the manager of any establishment shall fix periods in respect of which wages to the employee shall be payable and such person shall be responsible for the payment to persons employed by him of all wages required to be paid under this Acts
(2) No wage period, so fixed, shall exceed one month.
(3) The wages of every employee in any shop or establishment shall be paid on a
working day before the expiry of the seventh day of the last day of the wage period in respect of which the wages are payable.
(4) All wages shall be paid in cash.
(5) Where the employment of any person is terminated by or on behalf of the employer, the wages earned by him shall be paid before the expiry of the second working day after the day on which his employment is terminated.
20. Deductions which may be made from wages.-
(1) The wages of an employed person shall be paid to him without deduction of any kind except those specified in subsection (2).
Explanation.-Every payment made by the empl oyed person to the employer or his agentorthemanagershaill forthepurposeof this Actbedeemedto beadeduction from wages.
(2) Deductionsfromthewagesofanemployeeshallbeofoneormoreofthefollowing kinds, namely :-
(ii) Deductions for absence from duty;
(iii) Deductions for damage to or loss of goods expressly entrusted to -the employed person for custody, or for loss of money for which he is required to account, where such damage or loss is directly attributable to his neglect or default;
(iv) Deductions for house accommodation supplied by the employer;
(v) Deductions for such amenities and services supplied by the employer as the Government may by general or special order authorise;
Explanation.-The words 'amenities and services' in this clause do not include the supply of tools and protectives required for the purpose of employment.
(vi) Deductions for the recovery of advances or for adjustment of over-payments of wages, provided that such advances do not exceed an amount equal to wages for two calendar months of the employed person and, in no case, shall the monthly instalment of deduction exceed one-fourth of the wages earned in that month.
(vii) Deductions of income-tax payable by the employed person;
(viii) Deductions required to be made by order of a Court or other competent authority;
(ix) Deductions for subscription to, and for repayment of advances from, any provident fund to which the Provident Fund Act, 1952 (XIX of 1952) applies or any recognized provident fund as defined in section 2(38) of Income Tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961) or any provident fund approved in this behalf by the Government during the continuance of such approval;
(x) Deductions for payment to co-operative societies or to a scheme of insurance approved by the Government.
(3) Any employer desiritig to impose a fine on an employed person or to make a deduction for darnage or loss caused by him shall explain to him personally and also in writing the act or omission or the damage or loss, in respect of which the fine or deduction is proposed to be imposed or made, and give him an opportunity to offer any explanation in the presence of another person. The amount of the said fine or deduction shall also be intimated to him.
(4) The amount of fine or deduction mentioned in sub-section (3) shall be such as may be specified by the Government. All such deductions and realizations thereof shall be recorded in a register maintained in a form as may be prescribed.
(5) The amount of fine imposed under sub-section (3) shall be utilised in accordance
with the directions of the Government.
(6) Nothig in this section shall be deemed to affect the provisions of the Payment of
Wages Act, 1936 (IV of 1936).
21. Claims relating to wages.-
(1) The Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint any Commissioner for Workmen's Compensation Act or other officer with experience as a Judge of a Civil Court or as a Stipendiary Magistrate to be the authority to hear and decide all claims arising out of delayed payment or non-payment of earned wages of an employee employed in any establishment.
(2) Application for any such claim may be made to the authority appointed under sub-section (1) by the employee himself l[or any official of a registered trade union authorised in writing to act on his behalo or any legal practitioner or the Chief Inspector for a direction under subsection (3).
Provided that every such application should be presented within 2[one year] from the date on which the claim for such wages has become payable under this Act:
Provided further that an application may be admitted after the said period of 3[one year] when the applicant satisfies the authority that he had sufficient cause for not making the application within such period.
(3) When any application under sub-section (2) is entertained, the authority shall hear the applicant and the employer, or give them an opportunity of being heard and after such further enquiry, if any, as it may consider necessary may, without prejudice to any other penalty to which employer may be liable under this Act, direct the payment to the employee of the amount due to him together with the payment of such compensation as the authority may think fit, not exceeding half the amount so due or Rs. 100, whichever is less.
(4) If the authority hearing any application under this section is satisfied that it was either malicious or vexatious, it may direct that a penalty not exceeding hundred rupees be paid to the employer by the person presenting the application.
1. Ins. by Act 33 of 1970.
2. Sub. by ibid.
3. Subs. by Act 33 of 1970.
(5) Any amount directed to be paid under this section may be recovered:
(a) if the authority is a magistrate, by the authority as if it was a fine imposed by the authority as a magistrate, or
(b) if the authority is not a magistrate, by any magistrate to whom the authority makes application in this behalf, as if it were a fine imposed by such magistrate.
(6) Every direction of the authority under this section shall be final.
(7) Every authority appointed under subjection (1) shall have all powers of a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (V of 1908) for the purpose of taking evidence and of enforcing the attendance of witnesses and compelling the production of documents, and every such authority shall be deemed to he a Civil Court for all the purposes of Section 195 and Chapter XXXV of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (V of 1898).
1[(1) Every person employed in an establishment shall be entitled:
(a) after every twelve months', continuous employment, to privilege leave for a total period of not less than fifteen days;
(b) in every year, to sickness or casual leave for a total period of not less than twelve days;
(i) an employee who has completed a period of four months in continuous employment, shall be entitled to not less than five days privilege leave for every such completed period; and
(ii) an employee who has completed a period of one month in continuous employment, shall be entitled to not less than one day's casual leave for every month.
Provided further that a watchman or caretaker who has completed a period of twelve months in continuous employment and to whom the provisions of Section 8, 10, 11, 13 and 17 donot apply by virtue of an exemption granted under Section 4, shall be entitled to not less than thirty days' privilege leave.
(i) Privilege leave to which an employee is entitled under clause (a) of sub-section (1) or under any such law, contract, custom or usage, award, settlement or agreement as is refeffed to in section 3, or any part of such leave, if not availed of by such employee, shall be added to the privilege leave in respect of any succeeding period to which he is so entitled, so however, the total period of such privilege leave which may be accumulated by such employee shall not at any one time exceed three Limes the period of privilege leave to which he is entitled after every twelve months' employment under that clause or under such law, contract, custom or usage, award, settlement or agreement.
(ii) Leave admissible under clause (b) of sub-section (1) shall not be accumulated].
(2) If an employee entitled to leave under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of this section
is discharged by his employer before he has been allowed the leave, or if, having applied for and having been refused the leave, he quits his employment before he has been allowed the leave, the employer shall pay him full wages for the period of leave due to him.
23. Wages during leave.-Every employee shall he paid for the period of his leave at amte equivalent to the daily average of his wages for the days on which he actually worked during the preceding three months, exclusive of any earnings in respect of overtime but inclusive of dearness allowance.
1. Subs. by Act 33 of 1970.
1[24. Contracting Out.-Any contract or agreement, whether made before or after the commencement of Delhi Shops and Establishments (Amendment) Act, 1970, whereby an employee relinquishes any right conferred by this Act, shall be null and void in so far as it purports to deprive him of such right].
25. Cleanliness.-The premises of every establishment shall be kept clean and free from effluvia arising from any drain or privy or other nuisance and shall be cleaned at such times and by such methods as may be prmribed.These methods may include lime washing, colour washing, painting and disinfecting.
26. Lighting and ventilation.-
(1) The premises of every establishment shall be kept sufficiently lighted and ventilated during all working hours.
(2) Suitable arrangements shall be made for supply of drinking water to the employees.
27. Power to enforce cleanliness, etc.-If it appears to an Inspector that the premises of any establishment within his jurisdiction are not sufficiently lighted, cleaned or ventilated, he may serve on the employer an order in writing specifying the measures which in his opinion should be adopted and requiring them to be carried out before a date specified in the order.
The Government may prescribe standards in respect of any of these matters.
28. Precautions against fire.-In every establishment, except such establishments or class of establishments as may be prescribed, such precautions against fire shall be taken as may be prescribed.
29. Accidents.-The provisions of Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923 (VIII of 1923) and of rules made thereunder, shall apply mutatis mutandis to every employee of an establishment.
30. Notice of dismissal.-
(1) No employer shall dispense with the services of an employee who has been in his continuous employment for not less than three months, without giving such person at least one months' notice in writing or wages in lieu of such notice:
Provided that such notice shall not be necessary where services of such employee are dispensed with for misconduct, after giving him an opportunity to explain the charge or charges against him in writing.
(2) No employee who has put in 3 months' continuous service shall terminate his employment unless he has given to his employer a notice, of at least one month, in writing.In case he fails to give one month's notice he will be released from his employment on payment of an amount equal to one month's pay.
(3) In any case instituted for a contravention of the provisions of sub-section (1), if a
Magistrate is satisfied that an employee had been dismissed without any reasonable cause or discharged without proper notice or pay in lieu of notice, the Magistrate may, for reason to be recorded in writing, award, in addition to one month's salary, compensation to the employee as follows:
1. Subs. by Act 33 of 1970.
(a) When immediately before his discharge or dismissal, the employee was in receipt of a salary not exceeding Rs. 100 per month, such amount of compensation not exceeding his month's salary, as the Magistrate may direct
(b) When immediately before his dismissal or discharge, the employee was in receipt of a salary exceeding hundred rupees per mensem, such amount of compensation not exceeding hundred rupees, as the Magistrate may direct.
(4) The amount payable as compensation under this section shall be in addition to any fine payable under section 40.
(5) No person who has been awarded compensation under this section shall be at liberty to bring a civil suit in respect of the same claim.
31. Provisions in respect of shops and commercial establishments where more than one business is carried on.-Wbere any retail trade or business which is exempted from all or any of the provisions of the Act, is carried on along with other retail trade or business, the exemption shall not apply to that partof trade or business which is not exempted from the provisions of the Act.
32. Provisions as to trading elsewhere than in shops.-No person shall carry on any retail trade or business of any class near any shop or commercial establishment at any time before the opening and after the closing hours and on the close day, and if any person cames on any such trade or business in contravention of this section, this Act shall apply as if he were the occupier of the shop or commercial establishment which was being kept open in contravention of this Act.
(1) The occupier of every shop or commercial establishment shall, in the prescribed form and m the prescribed manner, keep exhibited in the shop or establishment a notice setting forth the close day.
(2) The occupier of any shop or establishment, about the business of which persons are employed,shall in the prescribed form and in the prescribed manner keeparec ordofthehours worked and the amount of leave taken by, and of the intervals allowed for rest and meals to, every person employed about the business of the shop or establishment, and particultrs of all employment overtime shall be separately entered in the record.
(3) The occupier of any shop or establishment,about the business of which persons are employed, shall in the prescribed form and in the prescribed manner keep exhibited in the shop or establishment notices setting forth the number of hours in the week during which persons may in accordance with the provisions of this Act be employed about the business of a shop or establishment and such other particulars as may be prescribed.
(4) The occupier of every shop or establishment shall for the purpose of this Act maintain such otherrecords andregisters anddisplay such other notices as may beprescribed.
34. Employer to furnish letters of appointment to employees.-The employer shall furnish every employee with a letter of appointment. Such letters of appointment shall contain the following and such other particulars as may be prescribed, namely:
(a) The name of employer,
(b) The name, if any, and the postal address of the establishment,
(c) The name, fathezs name and the age of the employee,
(d) The hours of work,
(e) Date of appointment.
35. Inspection of Registers and calling for information.- It shall be the duty of every occupier of a shop or establishment to produce for inspection of an Inspector, all accounts or records required to be kept for the purpose of this Act, and to give any other information in connection therewith as may be required.
36. Appointment of Inspectors.-The Government shall appoint a Chief Inspectorand such inspectors as may be necessary for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Act. The Chief Inspector and the Inspectors so appointed shall carry identity cards.
37. Powers and duties of the Inspector.-Subject to any rules made by the Government in this behalf the Chief Inspector or an Inspector may :
(a) enter at all reasonable times with such assistance as may be necessary any place which is, or which is being used as an establishment;
(b) make such examination of the premises and of any prescribed registers, records and notices and take on the spot or otherwise evidence of any person as he may deem necessary for carrying out the purpose of this Act-,
(c) make copies of or take extracts from any book, registers or other documents maintained for the purpose of this Act;
(d) exercise such other powers as may be necessary for carrying out the purpose of this Act.
Provided that no one shall be required under this section to answer any question or to give any evidence tending to incriminate himself.
38. Inspectors to be public servants.-The Chief Inspector and every Inspector appointed under section 36 shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860).
39. Protection to persons acting under this Act.-No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any public servant or any other person in the service of this Union Territory, acting under the direction of any such public servant for anything in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of the provisions of this Act or any rule or order made thereunder.
(1) If in any shop or establishment there is any contravention of any provisions of this Act,orany rule orordermade thereunderexcept sections 33, 41 and 42 the proprietor, the employer or the manager thereof as the case may be shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which shall not be less than twenty-five rupees and which may extend to two hundred and fifty rupees.
(2) If any person contravenes the provisions of section 33, he shall be liable, on conviction, to a fine of Rs. 5 for every day on which the contravention occurs or continues.
41. Wilfully making false entries.-If any person with intent to deceive makes or causes or allows to be made in any record, register, or notice prescribed under section 33 an entry which is to his knowledge false in any material particular, or wilfully omits or causes or allows to be omitted from any such record, register or notice an entry required to be made therein, he shall be liable on conviction to an impnsonrnent for a term not exceeding three months or to a fine which shall not be less than fifty rupees and which may extend to two hundred and fifty rupees or to both.
42. Penalty for obstructing Inspector.-Whoever wilfully obstructs an Inspector in the exercise of any power under Section 37 or conceals any employee in an establishment from appearing before or being examined by an Inspector shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which shall not be less than fifty rupees and which may extend to two hundred and fifty rupees.
43. Determination of employer for the purpose of this Act.-
(1) Where the owner of an establishment is a firm or other association of individuals, any one of the individual partners or members thereof may be prosecuted and punished under this Act for any offence for which an employer in an establishment is punishable:
Provided that the firm or association may give notice to the Inspector that it has nominated one of its members who is resident in the Union Territory to be the employer for the purposes of this Act and such individual shall so long as he is so resident, be deemed to be the employer for the purposes of this Act until further notice cancelling the nomination is received by the Inspector or untill he ceases to be a partner or member of the firm or association.
(2) Where the owner of an establishment is a company, any one of the directors thereof, or in the case of a private company any one of the shareholders thereof, may be prosecuted and punished under this Act for any offence for which the emoloyer in the establishment is punishable.
Provided that the company may give notice to the Inpector that it has nominated a director or , in the case of a private company, a shareholder who is resident in the Union Territory to be the employer in the establishment for the purposes of this Act, and such director or share-holder shall so long as he is so resident be deemed to be the occupier in the establishment for the purposes of this Act, until further notice cancelling his nomination is received by the Inspector or until he ceases to be a director or share-holder.
44. Exemption of occupier from liability in certain cases.-Where the occupier of a shop or commercial establishment is charged with an offence against this Act or the rules or orders made thereunder, he shall be entitled, upon complaint duly made by him, to have his agent or servant whom he charges as the actual offender brought before the court at the time appointed for hearing the charge; and if, after the commission of the offence has been proved, the occupier proves to the satisfaction of the court:-
(a) that he had used due diligence to enforce the execution of this Act and the rules or orders made thereunder, and
(b) that the said agent or servant committed the offence in question without his knowledge, consent or connivance, or wilful neglect or default, that agent or servant shall be convicted of the offence and shall be liable to the like fine as if he were the occupier, and the occupier shall be discharged from any liability for the offence.
45. Cognisance of offence.-
(1) No prosecution under this Act or the rules or orders made thereunder shall be instituted except by or with the previous sanction of the Chief Inspector appointed under the Act.
(2) No Court inferior to that of a Magistrate of the First Class shall try any offence under this Act or any rule or order made thereunder.
46. Savings.- Nothing in this Act shall apply to--
(a) any office of or under the Central Government , or Delhi Administration;
1[(b) any office of any local authority, any Railway Administration, the Reserve Bank of India, 2[the Delhi Development Authority, the Delhi Water Supply and Sewage Disposal Undertaking, the Delhi Electric supply Undertaking and the Delhi Transport Undertaking' of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi], the Delhi University or Airlines Corporation ;]or
(c) any telegraph, telephone or postal service.
47. Power to make rules.-
(1) The Government may after, previous publication make, by notification in the official Gazette, rules to carry out the purposes of this Act].
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power; such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-
(a) the manner and form in which the registers shall be kept;
(b) the manner and form in which any notice required by this Act shall be given;
(c) the conditions subject to which any exemption under this Act may be granted;
3[(cc) the manner in which inquiry under sub-section (2) section 15 shall held;].
(d) The manner in which the occupier of a shop or a commercial establishment shall keep exhibited in the premises the notice of close day, closing and opening hours and such other particulars as may be prescribed;
(e) deductions that may be made from the wages of the employee;
(f) fines and dismissals;
(g) the form of submitting a statement, the fees and other particulars under sub-section (1) of section 5, the manner in which the registration certificate under sub-section (2) of section 5, and the form for notifying a change and the fees under section 5;
(h) further particulars to be prescribed for the letter of appointment under section 34;
(i) fixing time and method for cleaning the establishment under section 25 and
prescribing such establishments as are to be exempted from the provisions of and precautions against fire to be taken under section 28;
(j) qualification of the Chief Inspector and Inspectors appointed under section 36 and their powers and duties;
(k) any other matter which is or may be prescribed.
2[3. Every rule made under this Act shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made before each house of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two successive sessions, and if before the expiry of session in which it is so laid or the session immediately following, both houses agree in making any modifcation in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be, so however, that any such modifcation or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under the rule].
1. Substituted by the Delhi Shops and Establishments (Amendments) Act 1955 (,4.ct No. VI of 1955).
2. Subs. by Central Act 21 of 1961.
3. Ins. by lbid.
48. Repeal of Punjab Trade Employees Act, 1940, as extended to the Union
Territory of Delhi.- On and from the date of the commencement of this Act, the Punjab
Trade Employees Act, 1940 (Punjab Act No. X of 1940) as extended to Union Territory of Delhi shall be repealed;
(a) every appointment, order, rule, bye-law, regulation, notification or notice made, issued or given under the provisions of the Act so repealed shall, in so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have been made, issued or given under the provisions of this Act, unless and until superseded by any appointment, order, rule, bye-law, regulation notification or notice made, issued or given under this Act;
(b) any proceedings relating to the trial of any offence punishable under the provisions of the Act so repealed shall be continued and completed as if the said Act had not been repealed but had continued in operation and any penalty imposed on such proceedings shall be recovered under the Act so repealed.
49. Application of General Clauses Act, 18974-Me provisions of the General Clauses Act, 1897 (X of 1897), shall apply for the interpretation of this Act as they apply for the interpretation of a Central Act]