Equal Remuneration Act
As the name of the Act suggests, the object of the Act is to provide for payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers and to prevent discrimination on the ground of sex against women in employment. - - The Act has overriding effect over other Acts. [section 3]
DUTY OF EMPLOYER TO PAY EQUAL REMUNERATION – It is duty of each employer not to make any discrimination while paying remuneration to any worker of opposite sex. He should pay same wages to workmen of both sex for performing same work or work of a similar nature. [section 4].
Same work or work of similar nature' means work in respect of which the skill, effort and responsibility required are the same, when performed under similar working conditions, by a man or woman and the difference, if any, between the skill, effort and responsibility required of a man and those required of a woman are not of practical importance in relation to the terms and conditions of employment. [section 2(h)].
NO DISCRIMINATION WHILE RECRUITMENT OR PROMOTION – There should be no discrimination on recruitment, promotion, training or transfer, except where employment of women is restricted. [section 5]. - - These provisions are not applicable when priority is to be given to schedules castes, schedules tribes, ex-servicemen or retrenched employees.